India has many records in it. Indian Army is the most disciplined army in the world. According to a few calculations, the Indian army stands in 4th place in the world. And one of the most powerful countries in the world.
In the 1970s when India has been developing slow and steadily, there was poverty in India. We had difficult times, due to mixed economic policy. In those times, the majority of the people were poor and could eat only once in a day.
At that time, India was under the rule of Indira Gandhi. The friction started for Pakistan with its East Pakistan part ( Now Bangladesh). There was domination from Urdu speakers and Urdu speaking leaders and military officers as well. It was intolerable to the East Bengal people. Many were killed and abducted. There was the Bangladesh genocide. By that time Yahya Khan was the president of Pakistan.
India was a poor country and was in poor conditions and due to Bengal speakers’ genocide in East Pakistan, by the army of Pakistan, many of them started migrating to India. It was estimated to be 60 lakh people, who reached India, to avoid the persecution from Pakistan Urdu speakers.
India was not in a position to handle such a large crowd. So under Indira Gandhi’s leadership tried to wage a war against Pakistan and planned to bifurcate East Pakistan.
Sam Manekshawa was the chief of the Indian army.
Indira Gandhi called all the security authorities and started speaking; finally, she had asked Sam Manekshaw if his army was ready to have a country. He asked the PM of India, for some time, to make everything ready.
The beginning of the war: The war between India and Pakistan began on 3rd December 1971.
On 13th December, Sam Manekshaw t said “you surrender or we wipe you out”.
By 16th December, the war was over. On this day in 1971, the then head of the Pakistan Army, General Khan Niazi, along with his 93,000 soldiers, surrendered unconditionally to the Indian Army. This historical event itself paved the way for the separation of Pakistan and gave birth to a new country Bangladesh.