Private Teachers and Lecturers in India, have been facing financial difficulties in India!! Why is it so important to discuss private teachers and their problems? How many private schools are there and how many students have been studying in private schools?
Statistics about government and private schools:
There are about 4.6 lakh private schools present in India, which have been providing education to 11.9 crore students approximately, and 10.9 lakh government schools have been rendering their services to 13.1 crore students.
Most of the people even from the low middle-class have been giving preference to private schools due to a better learning environment and English medium.
In 1978 74% of schools were government-run schools and in 2017 only 52% were government-run schools. In private schools, the teacher class ratio is better than government schools. 81% of private schools have a minimum of one teacher per grade whereas, 88% of government schools struggle to match the one teacher per grade ratio.
If we consider Andhra Pradesh, five lakh private teachers are working. The number of lecturers is not taken in this.
Lockdown effect on private teachers:
Due to lockdown, more than 5 lakh teachers in Andhra alone have been suffering to make minimum money to manage their families. Most of the teachers and lecturers were stopped paying by private managements from March, a few were paid the partial payment for March month and a few were paid half salaries and less than that till May or June. After that, especially in Andhra Pradesh, all the private teachers have not been getting the salaries.
Aren’t they prepared?
They are not prepared to face such a pandemic situation, and there is no chance of keeping savings for them, due to the meager salaries.
What about Social security:
Social security like medical allowances and proper leave policies are not there. As per the government rules, teacher or lecturer should be considered as a labour, but the institutions haven’t been considered teachers and lecturers like that.
The private institutions might give the PF and ESI kind of provisions but the employee and employer deductions take place from the teacher or employee account only. The teacher should write a bond and he or she is not supposed to break the bond, on top of that, he or she should give the academic certificates, whereas an institution can break the bond and may ask the teacher to leave the institution at any time without prior notice. The certificates have to be collected with much waiting and many petitions to the management or representatives of management.
When there is an issue with the school or college, sometimes even, some education officers or inspectors try to be biased in favour of the school managements.
The great working nature of a few schools and colleges in Andhra Pradesh:
Many private schools and colleges, pressurize the lecturer to go for the marketing of the college and to bring the new admissions. A couple of years ago, a lady teacher in Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh, attended a meeting regarding the students’ admissions into their school. Individual targets were presented and the management of the school was enraged. Looking at this meeting, she felt tense and she got cardiac arrest and was dead in that meeting room.
In the same way, a junior college lecturer of Rajahmundry started feeling tensed about achieving targets of admissions, and while eating lunch in his home, he had a heart attack and died.
According to a union in Andhra Pradesh for private teachers and lecturers, eight teachers died in the same way, who were within 45 years.
Do government officials work on this?
No one knows if the government officials have been checking the records and registers of the private teachers in the private institutions. No one knows if there is any mechanism to protect the rights of the private teachers!!
Teachers turned as salesmen and daily wage labor:
Many teachers and lecturers started working as daily labor and fruit sellers, footwear sellers, etc. A few teachers protested on roads, and a few begged on the roads and expressed their anguish and protest against the government and private managements.
What the courts are doing?
There was a news that a few lecturers and teachers filed PIL and a few rumors were there that the High Court has taken this issue as a Suo moto case, but nothing heard afterward. Courts might be busy looking into cases like the Prasanth Bushan case, which may worth one rupee.
The mainstream media:
The mainstream media which make much buzz for the petty issues have not given their time in covering the news of Lecturers’ and teachers’ salaries during the lockdown.
A few teachers afraid of their management:
The main reason for being afraid of their management is
1. The head could be from the political background
2. Private managements are syndicate, so the fear of not getting a job
These two reasons make the workers or teachers not coming out to face them or going for a complaint in courts.