The Bengal region has contributed a lot to the country in form of great freedom fighters. The communism also entered this region.
When communism entered India?
Communism entered India in 1925 December 26th the first party conference was in Kanpur.
How it entered the Bengal region? The beginning of communism and the revolutionary activities were more of nationalistic thinking. The beginning of the revolutionary activities began with Surjya Sen’s Chittagong armory ride.
Anushilan Samithi also contributed to the freedom struggle. The early communist revolutionary thoughts and nationalistic thinking made this party the people’s party. Many revolutionaries were part of it during the freedom struggle.
Jyothi Basu did his law and returned to India from London in 1940 and joined the Communist Party of India. He was elected as an MLA in 1946. He had become an important leader from West Bengal. After freedom, the Communist Party participated in many peasant movements and The Food Movement of 1959 was the turning point in the history of class struggle in West Bengal. Food insecurity had reached alarming proportions in rural and urban areas. On 31 August 1959, a huge mass demonstration was organized in Kolkata where hundreds and thousands arrived from the villages under the leadership of the Kisan Sabha. A second Food Movement was launched by the left parties and its impact could be felt in the victory of the United Front government of 1967, led by Ajay Mukherjee of the bangle Congress. Even the left parties joined the government, and Jyoti Basu of CPI (M) had taken over as the deputy chief minister. But, the government did not survive for too long, and a minority government was formed by Prafulla Sen of the Indian National Congress.
The Left Front won 243 seats in the assembly election, and the CPI (M) emerged as the largest party in the year 1977. The first Left Front government was established with Jyoti Basu as the Chief Minister. An amendment to land reforms act made cultivation in absentia an exclusionary clause for eviction of sharecroppers. Sharecroppers were provided heritable rights and the place of crop share was shifted to sharecroppers homestead plot.
Till 2011 communist party was the most prominent but in 2007. There was a strong movement by peasants and this was taken forward by the Trunamol congress. The opportunity was taken by TMC and Mamatha Banerjee led the TMC very efficiently. People gave a different result in the 2008 Panchayath elections. They allowed TMC this time.
Later on, TMC started dominating the elections and from 2011, it pushed the communists to a limited seats only.
Now TMC also has been facing troubles after the Sarada chit fund scam and IVRCL bridge collapse in Kolkata. Sarada scam has brought trouble to the fame of TMC