The constitution was made under the guidance and research of Sri Ambedkar with his members and implemented the same on January 26th of 1950, replacing the Government of India Act (1935) as the governing document of India and thus, turning the nation into a newly formed republic.
Baba Saheb Ambedkar fought for equality. He researched different countries and their constitutions and got inspired and made a constitution. This constitution implementation day is celebrated as a republic.
Which parts of our constitution are copied?
|Name of Countries||Borrowed Features of the Constitution|
|Britain||1. Parliamentary government 2. Rule of Law 3. Legislative procedure 4. Single citizenship 5. Cabinet system 6. Prerogative writs 7. Parliamentary privileges 8. Bicameralism|
|Ireland||1. Directive Principles of State Policy 2. Method of Election of the president 3. Members nomination to the Rajya Sabha by the President|
|Unites the States of America||1. Impeachment of the president 2. Functions of president and vice-president 3. Removal of Supreme Court and High court judges 4. Fundamental Rights 5. Judicial review 6. Independence of judiciary 7. The preamble of the constitution|
|Canada||1. Centrifugal form of federalism where the centre is stronger than the states. 2. Residuary powers vest with the centre 3. Centre appoints the Governors at the states 4. Advisory jurisdiction of the supreme court|
|Australia||1. Concept of Concurrent list 2. Article 108 i.e. Joint sitting of the two houses 3. Freedom of trade and commerce|
|USSR (Now Russia)||1. Fundamental duties 2. The ideals of justice (social, economic and political), expressed in the Preamble.|
|France||1. Concept of “Republic” 2. Ideals of Liberty, Equality and Fraternity(contained in the Preamble)|
|Germany||1. Fundamental Rights are suspended during Emergency|
|South Africa||1. Election of members of the Rajya Sabha 2. Amendment of the Constitution|
|Japan||1. Concept of “procedure established by Law”|
Many people criticized about taking the world’s constitutions and implementing it.
Dr Ambedkar said “As to the accusation that the Draft Constitution has reproduced a good part of the provisions of the Government of India Act, 1935, I make no apologies. There is nothing to be ashamed of in borrowing. It involves no plagiarism. Nobody holds any patent rights in the fundamental ideas of a Constitution”
Don’t we have competent books that teach us about, politics and economics, in ancient India?
Actually, we have many books which are competent enough and some times, more balanced like Kamandakiya neethi sastram and Kautilya’s Ardha sastram ” (Economics), but India was much influenced by English rule and we could not look at the sastras. However, we might miss a very good source of knowledge, if implemented, we could have made a better constitution. However, due to lack of Sanskrit language knowledge, we could not make it possible.
However, with the intelligence and knowledge of Sri BR Ambedkar, we made one of the greatest constitutions in the world.
All Indians should thank the great leaders like Dr BR Ambedkar who tried to bring equal rights in the society through the constitution. Dr Ambedkar was a freedom fighter and when Pandit Nehru, the PM of India asked him to form article 370, a provisional of special status, Ambedkar rejected such thinking and said to Pandit Nehru not to implement such act. However, Nehru pressurized Ambedkar to accept the proposal of special status to Kashmir. Which resulted in a very terrible manner.
Another fact is the word secular was not brought by Dr BR Ambedkar. The word secular was added during the rule of former PM of India, Mrs Indira Gandhi. There is no need to keep the word secular as the constitution’s basic spirit is secular.
On this auspicious the day we should thank Dr BR Ambedkar and Babu Rajendra Prasad.