Who is Lord Krishna?
Lord Krishna is one of the gods in the Hindu epics, he is the eighth incarnation or avatar of Lord Vishnu. He is the main character in “The Mahabharath” Indian epic and in Bhagawatha epic importantly. In another oldest text, Chandogyopanishath tells about Lord Krishna, which belongs to 8th to 6th century BC.
Dwaraka, the lost city
Dwaraka is mentioned in many epics. The other name if Dwaraka is Dwaravathi. Which means the city of gates. According to the name, there could be many gates there. The description of Dwaraka was there in many ancient texts including Hari Vamsa Purana Maha Bharath, Bhagawatha Purana etc. According to these texts, Lord Krishna prayed the sea to give him land to build the city Dwaraka and Sea god gave him 12 yojanas land. One yojana equals to 13 KM. After nirvana of Krishna, the great city was submerged into the Arabian Sea. The submerging process was also described in the epic Maha Bharath. With the westernised education and by believing the Aryan Invasion or expansion theory we Indians started believing this as a myth and almost all forget it. Although we forget it, the description of Dwaraka city and its streets somehow matches the construction of Indus Valley cities like Mohenjo Dharo etc.
Excavations took place at Dwaraka Gujarath and there was an excavation going on in between 1983 to 1990 under the supervision of Dr S.R. Rao, a famous archaeologist from India. A marine archaeology department of India’s National Institute of Oceanography carried out underwater excavations at Dwaraka and Bet Dwaraka. He found the city Dwaraka and the description in Mahabharath and other Puranas matches with it
What were the findings?
Dr Rao found many things like pottery, which dated back to 1500 BCE. A wall (560 meters) was visible near Bet Dwaraka. He found the seal of Dwaraka also, According to Mahabharata, each citizen of Dwaraka used to carry the seal of Dwaraka as the identity of their citizenship. A number of three-holed triangular anchors were found. These Anchors are older than the anchors used in ancient Syria Cyprus in the Bronze Age. Through satellite images, the scientists found two cities. Many other things were found at the seabed of Dwaraka.
Is there any research going on?
Many people who like history and Indian culture feels bad to express their grief because the government stopped aiding for the excavation after 1990. Dr S R Rao also requested to grant16 crores to continue his works even undersea, but government did not sanction money. Let us hope that this government will sanction and carry on with excavation. Excavation should go on, which may change the perception of history.