Why is it appreciated and criticised as well?? Let’s try to understand a few important points in it!!
When was this education policy initiated?
It was first introduced in the year 1968, during Smt. Indira Gandhi’s government. After that, in 1986 another Education policy was introduced during Mr Rajiv Gandhi’s government.
After that, there was an amendment in Education Policy in the year 1992, during Mr P V Narasimha Rao rule, but it was only an amendment.
However, after 34 long years, National Education policy was brought on 29th July 2020 there will be a complete change in education policy.
This new policy may bring many changes in the education system.
What major changes were brought??
The major changes are:
1. 10+2 system is there, which is implemented from ages.
That means 10th class or SSC and after that intermediate in a few state boards and +2 in CBSE.
We all know that there is no flexibility of taking any subject at all the levels, especially from +2. Example, if a commerce student is also interested in history, he/she can not go for it.
which means, there is no flexibility.
2. National Education Policy 2020 is more flexible. One can opt even other than one’s subjects like science students can opt history or civics.
3. Is it a 10+2 system? No, it is going to be 5+3+3+4
i. Foundational stage: it exists for 5 years from the age of 3 to 8 years. In this stage, students will be taught in activities. 3 to 6 years in playschool, LKG and UKG, after that 1st and 2nd class.
Anganwadi comes under this category.
ii. Preparatory stage: in this stage, students will be taught in play discovery and activity-based interaction. At this stage, three languages will be introduced, because, at this age group, 8 to 11 years, children grasp language skills quickly. Another important policy is, it is recommended to have studied in the local language or mother tongue till minimum 5th standard, and it will be better to have education in local language till 8th standard but it is not compulsory. It has become a point of controversy. The intellectuals group is divided on this as two. one group is supporting the local language medium and the other the English medium due to the high importance of the global language, English.
iii. Middle stage: in this stage, students will experience the experiential learning in science, social sciences, mathematics, humanities. Classes 6 to 8 fall into this category. Vocational and practical training will be provided by the schools to ensure employment. In a country like India, we look down upon the works like carpentry, plumbing, pottery, gardening etc. but the fact is, in the job market, much vacuum is there in this category. In India and even in the developed countries there is much demand for such works like electrician, plumber, carpenter, gardener etc. According to the community and school, vocational training will be given for 10 days every year.
iv. Secondary Stage: Classes 9 to 12 come in this stage. High critical thinking will be experienced by the students. There will be flexibility to choose interdisciplinary subjects like Science group along with that of any arts subjects. This flexibility is to be appreciated, because of this, students thinking may be broadened.
After 5+3+3+4 education, the degree will be a four years degree. If the student can’t finish his / her degree due to any problem, there will be a flexible exit. If a student can’t continue after one year of the degree, the student will get certification for that one year. He or she may continue studies from the second year whenever possible, this is the flexible entry. If a student comes out after the second year, it will be considered as a diploma, and certificate will be given accordingly. If a student comes out after the 3rd year, it will be considered as a degree and certificate of degree will be given. If a student completes his 4th year also, he or she will be awarded bachelors with research.
Examination: There will be many changes in the examination system as well. The examinations will be more on conceptual education and skill development.
Other major changes: The Human Resources Ministry will be changed as the Ministry of Education.
Points of controversy: 1. Mother tongue or regional language as a medium for study: Political parties are asking about English as a medium of study due to its status of the global language.
2. Integrated Vocational training: A few opposition parties claim that it is encouraging child labour
These are two major controversies raised by opposing parties of NDA / BJP lead NDA.