India is a teacher and taught the world about farming. But now, it has been taking lessons from the world. What an unfortunate!!
23rd December is celebrated as farmers’ day. It is the birth anniversary of Chaudhary Charan Singh. He was the fifth Prime Minister of India. He belonged to farmers’ family. He was a congress party member and freedom fighter as well. In Uttar Pradesh, this day is observed as a state holiday.
The very idea of celebrating the farmers’ day to show gratitude on farmers. But the structure of our society and the changed system of our society after the British rule lost direct contact with the farmer.
Why have we lost direct contact?
The implementation of the mixed economy and industrialization brought many changes in society. Pre and post-independence era broke the backbone of India. The higher concentration on factories and the government’s unnecessary interest in factories made the farmer weep for the minimum support prices!!
The collapse of rural living and its economy!
The biggest reason for ignoring the farmers and their plight of the farmers is, the politicians and the economic systems broke the economic ecosystem of villages. The villages were separate markets. The pain and gain were confined to villages and the cost of living was under control. There was a huge respect for the farmers and farming was a common profession that was taken up by many people. The British rule and later, the rule which followed the British brought this plight to the farmers.
Indian research institutes and their contribution has no impact on farming in India?
Indian Institute of Farming System Research, ICRISAT, etc have proposed many revolutionary changes in farming but, the technology has the very little reach to the farmers. The other countries like South East Asia countries have learned the technological advancements and have been growing, but we people are in the same place.
Ignoring organic farm:
Recently, in a city called Eluru, people fainted with a strange disease and when the major institutes examined their blood samples, food, and water, they found that, the over usage of chemicals and pesticides was a reason for it. This is the result of ignoring organic farming!
A few facts about farming in India:
1. Average farmer uses 5 Acers of land in India
2. 96 million hectors of land in India is irrigated
3. 263 million populations are engaged in agricultural activities. It is the country’s largest private sector
4. India ranked 2nd in World in agriculture production
5. India is the largest milk producer and 2nd in fruits and 3rd in fish production
6. Sikkim is an entirely organic farm
7. 23rd December is a public holiday in Uttar Pradesh
The above are the facts which may not be known to many!!