Floods in Mumbai have created devastation and the same devastation has been happening from the past a few years. This monsoon the rainfall in Mumbai has set a new record. Mumbai has received three-quarters of its August rainfall within three days. This brought a devastating flood.
If it rains why flooding water in Mumbai City?
It has many reasons. The first is Mumbai’s drainage system is one of the oldest drainage systems. About 140 years ago the drainage system was made. In the year 1872 the population of the city was about 6 lakhs + but now the population is more than 1.25 crores. The population of the city is very high may be due to industrialization and the opportunities to earn money and make a career. The development is centralized.
Why is the flooded water not drained within one or two days?
There were a lot of empty places, ponds, and tanks which used to absorb or drain all the water. Now, due to the increasing number of people in Mumbai and real estate business, the water bodies and barren and empty lands turned into concrete buildings. Simply the city turned into a concrete jungle. Even in Chennai also the same problem took place. Hundred years ago, Chennai had many water bodies, which used to absorb water but now, concrete jungle is present everywhere. This is the same situation with Hyderabad and many other metropolitan cities.
Any other reasons for floods in Metropolitan Cities?
Pollution due to plastic is another reason behind this pathetic situation. A small piece of plastic or polythene cover may bring this big devastation. When the plastic covers accumulate in the drainage the drainage may be blocked and due to that the water may not get drained immediately or it may take many days. Because of this kind of block, many accidents may happen. In Hyderabad and other metropolitan cities due to open manholes many accidents happened.
What else can be done to mitigate such a problem?
The resolution to it is decentralisation of the development. Hundred years ago there was employment in villages of India. Now, the situation is very different. Government should concentrate on starting industries in different places. If only one place is opted for all the industries, the flow of people to one place may increase, which leads to overpopulation. Over populated places may not fulfill all the needs and requirements of people.
Is every problem interlinked?
Yes, every problem is interlinked with each other. Overpopulation in one place is interlinked with pollution. Pollution is interlinked with garbage and plastic waste. Plastic waste is interlinked with blockage of drainage and finally, drainage is interlinked with floods in metropolitan cities. Even if we start closing the water bodies the water may not get drained, at the same time groundwater levels may become low year by year. One day, any metropolitan city may become another “Latur”.
What can be done by a commoner?
A common man can use less or no plastic. The common man may ask the politicians to encourage the industrialists to establish the industries in various places but not in one place. Checking the drainage system near our locality is another precautious action. If any fault is there in the drainage system, one should contact the Municipal authorities immediately. We should look at villages as independent economic bodies. This decentralizes the population.