Gurram Jashuva was a Telugu poet who is considered a great poet who stood against caste discrimination. He said that hungry and discrimination were his teachers.
Caste discrimination made him learn the perseverance and hungry made him learn patience.
He was born in 1895 on September 28 and his parents were from different castes. His mother was from a socially considered low caste. He was discriminated against on the name of caste which made him determined to work hard and become a success. He spent most of his childhood in poverty. The untouchability based on caste was there and because of that, he was discriminated against and he fought against that through his wisdom of poetry.
He was married to a lady called Mariyamma and his daughter is Hemalatha Lavanam.
As a poet:
As a poet, he was recognized by the nation and Telugu state of Andhra Pradesh. He was recognized by the government for his works and many poets lauded him.
He wrote many poems in Telugu. Some of his works are:
1. Gabbilam 2. Phiradausi 3. Rukmini Kalyanam 4. Naa Katha 5. Christhu Charitra 6. Bapuji 7. Netaji 8. Kaandaseekudu. Etc.
His works were exceptionally great and praiseworthy. He questioned the caste dominated society through his writings.
For example, Gabbilam means Bat, which is treated as birds or not be touched and as a bad sign if enters the house. He questioned the society through these birds about caste discrimination.
Poets who helped him to reach a great height:
He was taught the figures of speech of Telugu and grammar and the types of poems by Deepala Pichayya Sasthri, one of the greatest poets of Telugu and he was one of the famous Thirupathi Venkata poets.
He was taught Sanskrit Poems and the kavya’s by the great poet Jupudi Hanumacchastri.
Though the caste discrimination was prevalent in the society he never complained against the majority of high caste Poets like Hanumacchastri and Pichayya Sastri and they considered him equal to them.
Owning Gurram Jashuva:
A few people try to polarise his legacy to one community or some communities and flaunt the discrimination but, they never show how great poets like Pichayya Sastri who puts on the “Ganda pentagram” an ornament as a token of great respect to Jashuava’s left feet. He himself called “Universal Man ”. He does not belong to one caste. He is a universal man who taught the Telugu people that one should not discriminate based on birth.
Anti-social elements have also been using the great poets for their divisive politics.
He was awarded “Kala Prapoorna” and “Padma Bhushan” by the Indian government. He was honored on many occasions.
He passed away on July 24 in the year 1971.