Human Rights Day has been celebrated every year on 10th December. UNO observed a theme for 2020. That is “Recover Better – Stand Up for Human Rights”
This year’s Human Rights theme relates to COVID 19 and recovery from that pandemic. Human Rights are central to recovery.
From when Human Rights Day is being celebrated? The day on which the United Nations General Assembly adopted, in 1948, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The day is marked to raise awareness about cultural, social, and physical rights and to corroborate the welfare of society in all possible contexts.
Globally there are about 10 human rights: they are:
The right to equality and freedom from discrimination.
The right to life, liberty, and personal security.
Freedom from torture and degrading treatment.
The right to equality before the law.
The right to a fair trial.
The right to privacy.
Freedom of belief and religion.
Freedom of opinion.
Why should we remember it now?
Human Rights have been violated by many in India in different forms.
What is the main reason for being violated?
The main reasons for human rights violation especially in India are
1. Poverty: If a person is poor, he or she has to work somewhere and if the workplace is good enough, they will not harm human rights. If the place is monopolized and sometimes, the bond labor is there, Human Rights will definitely be harmed. In the brick kiln or rich houses, we can sometimes look at the human rights violation. Brick Kiln industry consumed many human rights and people as well. Recently this kind of Human Rights violation happened in Kerala and the victim tried to escape from the rich man’s house, which was on the 6th floor. When the lady tried to escape from the 6th floor, she fell and succumbed to death. A case is filed on the owner for containing a lady for work.
2. Authority: The political authority or any other form of authority that is ultimate, could lead to Human Rights Violation. We can see this kind of violation in North Korea. In India, we can see the same in the form of political vendetta. In recent times, we can see the political suppression in Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, West Bengal, etc.
How to uplift Human Rights in India?
1. Education is the best way to uplift the Human Rights
2. Implementing the law and order is the other way
3. No corruption should be recorded
4. The ultimate authorities like courts should be respected
If there is any Human Rights violation, where should we give complaint?
There are about 26 State Human Right Commissions are there.