The Reserve Bank of India has introduced new cheque rules from 1st January 2021. These rules are called “Positive Pay System” and this needed confirmation of key details from the cheque issuer beyond 50,000 rupees. Availing of this facility would be at the discretion of the account holder. However, banks may consider making it mandatory in case of cheques for amounts of Rs 5 lakh and above.

Positive pay system:
RBI has said that “banks are advised to create adequate awareness among their customers on features of positive pay system through SMS alerts display in branches, ATMs as well as through their website and internet banking”.

 Further, RBI said only those cheques that are compliant with positive pay system instructions will be accepted under the dispute resolution mechanism at the CTS grids.

Banks, however, will be free to implement similar arrangements for cheques cleared and collected outside CTS.

 While availing of this facility is at the discretion of the account holder, banks may consider making it mandatory in case of cheques for amounts of Rs 5,00,000 and above

 These details will be cross-checked before the cheque is presented for payment.

In case any discrepancy is flagged by cheque truncation system (CTS) to the drawee bank and presenting bank, redressal measures would be undertaken

Under the positive pay system, the issuer of the cheque will be required to submit electronically, through SMS, mobile app, internet banking or ATM certain minimum details of that cheque like date, name of the beneficiary, payee, amount to the drawee bank.

 This directive by RBI is issued under Section 10 (2) read with Section 18 of Payment and Settlement Systems Act, 2007 (Act 51 of 2007).

The National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) will develop the facility of positive pay in CTS and make it available to participant banks.

 Banks, in turn, shall enable it for all account holders issuing cheques for amounts of Rs 50,000 and above.

These new rules ensure fraudless transactions and more careful financial affairs. 

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