Sri Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru did great favours to India. His ideas were ascribed to IITs, ISRO, many dams, Bhabha Atomic Research Institutes etc. But, unfortunately, His mistakes are also there which resulted in problems. This is the other side of the coin.
1. Coco island and Kabaw Valley Manipur:
Sri Jawaharlal Nehru gifted Coco Island to Myanmar and Myanmar gave China a chance to have their place there, which is considered dangerous to India. China keeps an eye on India through that island which is about a few hundred miles away from India.
Manipur King Bhodha Chandra signed the accession of India and merged Manipur in India. Nehru with his unconditional love for Myanmar gave away Kabaw Valley to them. And here also we can see the same kind of condition here. Myanmar gave the chance to have their manoeuvres in this valley, and China can easily observe our moves from here.
2. Rejected Nepal’s merge:
When there was political turmoil in Nepal, King Tribhuvan Shah reached India with his family and asked to merge Nepal completely without any conditions but Nehru rejected the proposal. Now, we can see how Nepal is swaying in between China and India and sometimes, it has been becoming a problem to India. Recent tensions are the best example.
3. Sacrificing permanent membership in the UN for twice:
In 1950, the USA offered permanent membership in the UN and in 1955, the Soviet Union offered the permanent membership in the UNO and it was also rejected by Nehru to favour China. Now, same China has been creating obstacles to our permanent membership in the UNO. Many times, China became a trouble maker in Indian affairs and in 2018 many a time, India asked to recognise the terrorist Masood Azar as a global terrorist but, China supported Pakistan in this matter. Not only that, in many matters, China has been a problem to India.
4. Panchsheel agreement:
Nehru brought the idea of Panchsheel agreement and announcement of Hindi Cheen bhai bhai (Indians and Chinese brothers) in this process he also signed papers which told that Tibet was part of China. And with this, for China, it became easy to occupy Tibet and show it to the world as their part. Now, we have been facing the problem from China. Later did not stop there and attacked India and was defeated in 1962 war. Sardar Vallabhai Patel warned the PM through his letter and told not to believe China. But, he did not bother with his advice.
5. The Kashmir problem:
It is a grave mistake by Jawaharlal Nehru. When Kashmir King Hari Singh approached Sardar Vallabhai Patel and signed the accession papers without conditions, Indian army reached the borders of Pakistan and started reoccupying the parts which were illegally occupied by the Pakistan army and hired army of Pakistan. Indian army about to take the occupied parts of Kashmir and Gilgit and Baltistan. The then PM Nehru immediately called the Army and asked them to stop the war. Which resulted in some lands of India still in the hands of Pakistan. Still, India has been fighting for the land. The golden opportunity to take our lands back was missed. When such a decision was taken, he should have conducted a cabinet meeting, but he took the decision on his own. Pandit Nehru went to Radio Station and announced it without consulting Sardar Ji or without conducting any cabinet meeting. He said in the Radio announcement that India kept the Kashmir issue in UNO. He changed the bilateral problem into a world problem.
These are the mistakes of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru which are unsolved till date and Kashmir is still burning. It is good that the article 370 was scrapped.