We all know that we got independence on August 15th. In our textbooks of Social studies we read and understood that the non-violence way of Gandhi and Pandit Nehru the former prime minister, brought us freedom with the ultimate weapon of satyagraha.
What was the last movement before independence of India?
The last movement to independent India was, Quit India movement. It Started in the year 1942 and ended in 1943. We got freedom in 1947. There was no big movement before freedom. Why the British left India and gave the ruling to Indians?
Was the reason behind getting freedom, Netaji and his fight?
Yes. Many historians say yes to this. Though his presence was missing from 1945, his influence was there on the public and the armed forces of British India’s Indian soldiers. We got freedom in 1947 and Netaji’s presence wasn’t there from 1945. How he influenced? In 1945 allied power won and axis power led by Hitler had been vanquished. They wanted to punish the armies who fought against the allied power in their respective countries. In India officers of the INA (Indian National Army) put on trial for treason, torture, and murder. These court Martials are known as Red fort trials. By this, Indians in British armed forces were inflamed. Mutiny in Royal Indian Navy: In 1946 February, almost 20000 sailors of 78 ships mutinied against the empire. They went around Mumbai with the portraits of Netaji and forced the British to shout Jai Hind and other INA slogans. The rebels brought down the Union Jack and they refused to obey the British officers. This mutiny was followed by several other rebellions in Indian Military and Indian Air force. Especially in the Indian Army Jabalpur, the soldiers rebelled against their officers and disobeyed. After the Second World War, Indian soldiers were decommissioned. According to military intelligence, the Indian army was inflamed by this. They stopped obeying the officers. The Indian army is with 2.5 million soldiers in different ranks and the British were only 40 thousand.
Clement Atlee was the Prime Minister of Britain from 1945 to 1951. Once he visited India and stayed in Calcutta in the year 1956. He stayed in Governor’s Bungalow in Calcutta. The acting governor and High court judge were P.B. Chakraborty. They had a rendezvous. In that meeting, Attlee shared the fact of Navy Mutiny in Mumbai port and also he said how the Indian armed forces were influenced and inflamed by the Red fort trials. Former British Prime Minister said clearly that Netaji was one of the main reasons to sign off the independence to India. Justice Chakroborthy asked about the part of Gandhi in acquiring the freedom, he curved his lips with a sarcastic smile and said that word slowly “minimal”. This startling conversation was first published by the Institute of Historical Review by author Ranjan Borra in his piece on Subhash Chandra Bose, The Indian National Army, and The War of Indian liberation.
PB Chakraborthy also wrote his conversion with Attlee in a letter to the publisher of RC Majumdar’s book, A History of Bengal. Recently, Historian of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, General G.D. Bakshi wrote a book on Subhash Chandra Bose that is “Bose an Indian Samurai “Indian Army uses the slogan Jai Hind as war cry: Yes Army’s war cry Jai Hind which was mostly used by INA (Indian National Army) of Subash Chandra Bose. I personally assume that in the Navy mutiny and other rebellions Indian defense forces used this slogan. Why Textbooks haven’t shown them? This should be answered by governments that ruled us from the past 72 years.