In recent times, Pakistan and Turkey have alleged India that there is a violation of Human rights in Kashmir, by the Indian government. But, the fact is, India never tried to control its people through violence and oppression. The Indian government has been treating its public with dignity and respect.
Yesterday, the Pakistan army killed four Balochistan militants and four Khyber Pakhtunkhwa militants! Have human rights been violated by Pakistan and is it victimizing the Balochistan people and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa people by depriving them of development? The answer to it is yes. Even Sindh province has been asking for freedom!!
Why has Balochistan been asking for freedom?
History of Balochistan:
Balochistan has 9000 years of history. Proto Indus Valley civilization’s coins were found and structures were found. However, after frequent attacks from Muslim Kings’ invasion and conversion, people there converted to Islam.
In 1747 CE, Afghan ruler, Ahmad Shah Durani, occupied this land, it included Iran and Afghanistan’s land of Balochistan. In 1839 after fighting with the ruler of Balochistan, British occupied and started its rule there. In 1879 again there was a war between the local King and British, however, the British army, suppressed the mutiny and continued to rule there.
When did they get freedom?
It was treated as a separate piece of land by not connecting to India by the Colonial British government. Balochistan got its freedom on August 11th, 1947 but it has become a curse to them. It enjoyed 227 days of freedom, after that, Muhammad Ali Jinnah’s proposal to become part of Pakistan was rejected by Ahmad Meer Kahn Balochi and contacted Jawaharlal Nehru and requested him to take Balochistan under India’s rule but, Nehru rejected the proposal saying that it was difficult for him to rule this land due to being 400 KM away from India. He said he had to send a separate army to protect this land. By knowing about the talks of Ahmad Meer Khan Balochi with Nehru, Pakistan forcefully made him sign for the accession of Balochistan. On March 27, 1948, Balochistan lost its freedom. Till date, the Baloch people call it a black day.
Ahmad Meer Khan Balochi’s brother, Abdul Kareem waged a war against Pakistan rule, in 1950 but it was brutally oppressed. They killed Abdul Kareem. Later, another war was announced against the Pakistan government in 1958-59 by Nawab Nowroj Khan but it was also lost by the Balochistan and Pakistan army, kept Nawab Nowroj Khan for a lifetime in jail and hanged his five family members. They tried to have their freedom in 1963 and 1977 also. In 1977, 3000 Balochs were killed.
In 2000-2001 Afghanistan’s Thalebans took hideouts in Balochistan, by that time Pakistan and America were nabbing the Thalebans and neutralizing them. According to a few sources, Balochistan militants were encouraged and provided sufficient support by Thalebans to fight against Pakistan, so Balochistan militants again started their fight.
Why there is war like conditions?
Balochistan occupied 40% of Pakistan’s land, but the population is about 5% only in the total of Pakistan’s population and the contribution of minerals and electricity is huge from this land. 36% of the gas, 40% of energy, and world-famous Reko Diq copper mine and many gold mines and strategic Gwadar port are in this huge land. Coal, gold Oil, and Gas dry fruits are available in this land.
The poverty of people:
Most of the people live in villages in this big province. 63% of people have not been getting food for two times daily, while compared with the rest of Pakistan, 30 times more Malaria cases have been recorded in this region, and 57% of the houses in this province have no electricity connection. There are 199 medical colleges in Pakistan and only two medical colleges are there in this province. In those two, one medical college has been maintained by the Pakistan Army. 90% of Balochistan is controlled by the Pakistan army and 10% only by the local police. The resources and people have been exploited by the Pakistan government.
In 2009, a young man called Jaleel was arrested and didn’t return. When the family members filed a complaint, no action was taken and in 2011, he was found dead. He was shot dead and three bullet wounds were seen and his hands were broken, his eye was bleeding and his back was covered with cigarette marks. He was tortured and killed by the Pakistan Army.
In another incident, a medico named Shazia was raped by an Army officer, but the government did not punish him, reacting to this condition, a politician and leader of the Baloch people, Nawab Akbar (79) stopped the supply of gas from Balochistan to Pakistan. He was also shot dead in 2006. In 2014 in Tutak from a grave, 138 bodies of missing Baloch people were found. In 2005, 2820 people were missing. According to the Human Rights Commission, 2003 to 2019, about Nineteen thousand people were missing. Within six years 1200 bodies were found in different locations of Balochistan. In the district called Dera Bhukti, 50 bodies were found and 150 people were missing. Still, there is no huge media coverage on this.
According to the Amnesty report, in 2015-16, 1, 40,000 people were missing, and in 2015; 300 Balochistan people were hanged by the Pakistan government.
On August 15, 2016, India’s PM Narendra Modi, spoke about Balochistan and its human rights violation and thanked the Baloch people, and indirectly gave a warning to Pakistan not to intervene in India’s affairs.
The main issues in Balochistan are
1. Missing people
2. Human rights abuse
Why Khyber Pakhtunkhwa also has been asking for freedom from Pakistan?
Like Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is also a terrain and forest place. The culture of these people is completely different from the Mainland of Pakistan. According to a few historians, they might be the descendants of Greeks at the time of Alexander’s war against India. But as per the latest research, their DNA structure did not match with Greek people. They wear a completely covered cloth which has a comparison with Indian clothing.
They were attacked by the Pakistan Army and were brutally killed and were kidnapped. The Islamic Republic of Pakistan has been trying them to be converted to Islam, by this they have been trying to change the demography of Khyber. They are exploited by Pakistan.
At this time, India should expose Pakistan’s human rights violation and should give a befitting answer.